Programming languages are a set of instructions that enable humans to communicate with computers and execute tasks efficiently.
In that order, ever since the inception of the first programming language in its most primitive form, several computer programming languages have been invented.
To each, their own – as these programming languages types cater to all sorts of use cases and program-based requirements. We will get to this part later.
In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the most commonly used programming language types.
2023’s Popular Computer Programming Languages Types
Imperative Programming Languages:
Imperative computer programming languages are the most widely used type of programming language. They allow programmers to specify step-by-step instructions for the computer to follow.
These languages focus on how to solve a problem, rather than what the problem is. Examples of imperative programming languages include C, C++, Java, and Python.
Object-Oriented Programming Languages:
Object-oriented computer programming languages (OOP) are a type of imperative language that focuses on creating and manipulating objects.
As popular programming languages types go, objects are instances of classes, which define the properties and behaviors of the object. OOP languages are popular for their modularity and reusability. Examples of OOP languages include Java, C++, and Python.
Functional Programming Languages:
Functional programming languages focus on the evaluation of functions and the use of immutable data structures.
They are designed to avoid side effects, which can lead to unpredictable behavior. Functional programming languages are popular for their simplicity and expressiveness.
In the context of programming languages examples, the functional programming languages include Haskell, Lisp, and ML.
Scripting computer programming languages are used to automate tasks and simplify complex operations.
Markup languages are used to create structured documents that can be displayed on the web.
They provide a way to add formatting and structure to text, images, and other types of content. Markup languages are popular for their versatility and compatibility. Examples of markup languages include HTML, XML, and LaTeX.
Query languages are used to interact with databases and retrieve information.
These programming languages types allow users to search, filter, and manipulate data in a structured way. Query languages are popular for their speed and efficiency. Examples of query languages include SQL and XQuery.
The Best Programming Language With Programming Languages Examples
The best programming language for a particular task depends on several factors, such as the project requirements, the development environment, and the programmer’s expertise.
In that context, no language could be interpreted as the ultimate and the best programming language.
Everything depends on what the programmer wants, or what they’ve been told by the business owner, as per the decorum of project requirements.
For data science, popular programming languages include Python, R, and SQL.
As programming languages examples go, Python is widely used for data analysis and machine learning, while R is popular for statistical analysis.
SQL is used for managing and querying databases.
For game development, popular programming languages include C++, C#, and Java.
C++ is commonly used for developing high-performance games, while C# is used for developing games using the Unity game engine.
Desktop Application Development:
For desktop application development, popular programming languages include C++, Java, and Python.
C++ is used for developing high-performance desktop applications, while Java and Python are popular for cross-platform desktop applications.
For system programming, popular programming languages include C and Rust.
C is widely used for developing operating systems and embedded systems, while Rust is gaining popularity for its memory safety and performance.
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning:
For artificial intelligence and machine learning, popular programming languages include Python, R, and MATLAB.
Python is widely used for machine learning and deep learning, while R is popular for statistical analysis. MATLAB is used for developing algorithms and analyzing data.
To sum it up, the aforementioned computer programming languages are only a means to an end.
As technology and business requirements advance, there’ll be new programming languages and iteration of old ones to be used on the latest innovation. So, in a way, it’s an ongoing process with plenty of stuff for programmers to explore down the road.